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Sunday, March 31, 2013

Cebuano Grammar: How to Give a Negative Command or When to Use the Negating Word "Ayaw"

There are 3 negating words in Cebuano Grammar:  Wala/wa (none, nothing) dili/di (not, no) and ayaw, which is the equivalent of the English word: don't. 

You have learned how to make a command in the previous post.  Now, we shall negate the commands.  Study the following:

Kaon (Eat up)               =   Ayaw ug kaon or  Ayaw pagkaon 
Inom (Drink up)           =  Ayaw ug inom or Ayaw pag-inom
Lakaw ( leave)              =  Ayaw ug lakaw or Ayaw paglakaw
Tindog (Stand up)        =  Ayaw ug tindog or Ayaw pagtindog
Lingkod (Sit down)      =  Ayaw ug lingkod or Ayaw paglingkod

Basing from the examples, you can form a rule on how to make negative commands.  Now, you can expand the sentence by adding an object or an adverb. 

For example:

Don't eat candies        = Ayaw ug kaon ug mga kendi.

I guess you already know what 'ug' is used as in this sentence.  You also know what is 'mga'.  

I will give you the following as homework and try to create your own:

Don't drink beer and alcohol.
Don't read comics.
Don't run.
Don't watch tv tonight. 

If you have created your sentences and want to know if your answers are right, send them to me at and claim your free lesson. 

Hangtud sunod nga leksiyon:


  1. Could you please go over again what "ug" is used for in these specific sentences, salamat.

  2. Hi,

    in the examples given above 'ug' is used in modifying the verb and also, that is just how a negative command is formed. The other uses of 'ug' is explained here:

    thank you again for visiting and continuing to study my lessons.

    Language is an arbitrary system of sounds and symbols, sometimes their structure can not be explained but it is the nature of the language and the convention of the people using it.

    I hope I have explained it well for you.

  3. Hi, it should be "og" not "ug". Ug means "and" in Cebuano.

  4. 'o' or 'u' is interchangeable in Cebuano so either spelling is acceptable. In the same way that some people use 'ambot' while some people use 'ambut'.