Study the following:
Alas diyes-diyes na.
It's 10 past 10.
Diyes minutos pasado alas-diyes na.
Minutes - minutos
past - pasado
Alas tris-baynti na.
It's 20 past 3.
Baynti-minutos pasado alas tris na.
Ala-una y midya na.
Half-time or 30 minutes - midya ora
and - y (Spanish; pronouned as i in igloo)
and half - y midya
It's quarter to 5./It's 15 to 5.
Kinsi minutos para alas-5 na.
The skill set needed here is mastery of the Spanish numbers. Once you have mastered that, time-telling will be peanuts for you.
Enjoy practicing. Hangtud sunod natong panagkita. Ayu-ayo.