MAAYONG PAG-ABOT SA CEBUANO LANGUAGE TEACHER - The best site to get Lessons in Cebuano Grammar and Filipino Culture

Wednesday, January 6, 2016

How to Create and Use Infinitives in Cebuano/Binisaya


The infinitive form is one of the conjugations of verbs in Cebuano, Binisaya, Bisaya or Visayan.  It is basically easy to use because it is used as it is.  The infinitive form is very simply:

To + verb root.   In English, here are some infinitives.


In Visayan or Cebuano, these are:

to eat = mokaon
to sleep = matulog
to smile = mopahiyom
to write = mosulat
to wash = maghugas
to shower = mag-shower
to break = magbali
to drive = mag-drive

How do we use the infinitive form?  Let's take for example the infinitive form 'mokaon' which means 'to eat' in English.

Here are some examples in using the infinitive 'to eat':

English:              I like to eat fruits for snack. 
Binisaya:             Ganahan ko mokaon og prutas para sa miryinda.

English:              I want to eat chicken later.
Binisaya:             Gusto ko mokaon og manok unya.

English:              It is difficult to eat shrimps.
Binisaya:             Lisod mokaon og mga pasayan.

English:                      We need to eat vegetables.
Binisaya:             Kinahanglan kita mokaon og mga utan.

English:               We should eat vegetables.
Bisaya:                Angay kita mokaon og mga utan.

English:               You may eat roasted pig later.
Bisaya:                Puydi ka mokaon og litson unya.

If you look at the Visayan version, there are words in the sentences that are shaded green.  Can you read them?  These are gusto (want), ganahan (like), kinahanglan (need), angay (should), puydi (can/may).  The infinitive goes basically with these words and of course, it is used the same way it is used in English.  

 It is enjoyable to eat -  In Visayan, this would be:
 Makalingaw mokaon

 Basically, the usage of infinitive form in Visayan is similar to English.

3 comments:

  1. Admin, if not okay please remove!

    Our facebook group “selfless” is spending this month spreading awareness on prostate cancer & research with a custom t-shirt design. Purchase proceeds will go to cancer.org, as listed on the shirt and shirt design.

    www.teespring.com/prostate-cancer-research

    Thanks

    ReplyDelete


  2. Admin, if not okay please remove!

    Our facebook group “selfless” is spending this month spreading awareness on prostate cancer & research with a custom t-shirt design. Purchase proceeds will go to cancer.org, as listed on the shirt and shirt design.

    www.teespring.com/prostate-cancer-research

    Thanks

    ReplyDelete
  3. Salamat kaayo Admin sa paghimo ani nga blog. Najatabang gyud kini ug dako sa akoa ug sa uban pa nga mobisita ug mubasa ani nga blog. Nagiyahan nimo ang akong huna huna ug nakakat.on ko unsaon pag translate sa infinitive sa english nadto sa bisaya. nakakat.on sab ko unsaon paggamit ani nga infinitive sa visayan sentence. :)

    ReplyDelete